THE PROVINCIAL JAIL SYSTEM:
The Provincial Jail system was first established in 1910 under the American regime. Each of the country’s eighty-two (82) provinces has a provincial jail to serve as penal facility for prisoners who a categorized under the law as provincial prisoners. For provinces whose jails are overcrowded a sub-provincial was created. They are those sentences by courts to a prison term of six months and one day to three years. Provincial jails are under the supervision and control of Provincial Government and headed by a Provincial Warden. Although the local government units, which include the provincial government, are under the supervision of the Department of Interior and Local Government, the Provincial Jails operate independently and autonomously from the Bureau of Jail Management and Penology.
The Memorandum-Circular dated March 7, 1994 issued by the Secretary for Peace and Order of the Department of Interior and Local Government regarding the Manual of Operations for Provincial Jails are basically similar to the correctional procedures and practices of the BJMP.
- REVISED ADMINISTRATIVE CODE OF THE PHILIPPINE( Section 1705: Prison Law)
ARTICLE III : Section 1729- Provincial Jail: a jail for the safe keeping of prisoners shall be maintained at the capital of each province and the absence of special provisions all expenses incident to the maintenance thereof and maintain prisoners therein be borne by the province.
- SECTION 61 OF REPUBLIC ACT NO. 6975 (DILG ACT OF 1990) dated December 13, 1990: A provincial jail unit is being supervised and controlled by the provincial Government within its jurisdiction.
- SECTION 17(B)(3)(VI) of republic act no. 7160: Also give power to Provincial Gove3rnment to maintain jail facility
Effective jail administration for safekeeping and rehabilitation of offenders